Dart Parts: The Anatomy Of A Dart

Learn about the different parts of a dart
Dart Parts

The Anatomy of a Dart

When it comes to a darts anatomy, every one is composed of four parts. These are: the point (tip), barrel, shaft (stem) and flight. Each part of a dart is there to perform a specific function.

Therefore, if one of these parts isn’t functioning correctly, it’ll have a telling affect on performance.

In fact, it’s important to understand the function of each part of a dart. This will help improve your game by finding the right set to best suit your playing style.

To give you an idea about the working of the dart parts, we’ve discussed the function of each, below.

Dart Point or Tip

The point or tip of a dart part is available in either plastic or steel. It is possible to use both these types of points on “bristle” dartboards. This is the board that is commonly used while playing with steel darts. However, you should avoid using steel tip darts on the boards made for soft tip darts to prevent permanent damage.

Some darts allow for their points to be removed, while others are permanently installed into the barrel. In addition, you can also use moveable point darts, which are constructed with a view to retract into the barrels after hitting the board.

This type of retraction movement makes it possible for the dart to continue its forward motion even after hitting the surface of the board. This lowers the likelihood of bounce-outs.

Dart Barrel

There’s a wide range of dart barrels to choose from, depending on the type of material, styles, grips or sizes you’re looking for. In fact, the barrel is a major part of any dart, which determines it’s overall weight and the flight path it takes. Usually, the weight of a barrel ranges from 16 to 30 grams. However, there are lighter or heavier darts to choose from

The most common barrel materials include plastic, wood, brass, tungsten, and nickel-silver.

Basically, wood barrels are less preferred by most players, which is also the case with plastic barrels. With, barrels made of nickel-silver, tungsten and brass deemed to be the most popular.

Listed below are some of the most commonly used barrels and their properties:

Brass Barrels
Usually, brass barrels are more affordable and lighter than their counterparts, making them the preferred choice of barrel. Due to the extra thickness, this type of barrel offers a perfect grip. In which case, brass barrels are seen as a great option for beginners.

In most cases, the center of gravity in brass barrels is positioned to the front or a dart. This allows the player to throw the dart in a perfect parabolic line. Moreover, these darts are also durable. However, in order to preserve their lifespan, you’ll have to protect them from corrosion.

Nickel-Silver Barrels
The Nickel-Silver barrels are also one of the more popular types of barrels. These barrels are much more resistant to corrosion.

Furthermore, they are much stronger and lighter than brass barrels. The only drawback associated with these barrels is their price, of which is slightly more expensive than brass.

Tungsten Barrels
Lastly, Tungsten barrels are referred to as the most popular choice. Since tungsten is a dense material, it gives a sleek and thinner structure to the barrel without losing weight.

Dart Shaft (Stem)

The shaft is another important part, which affects the stability of the dart. For instance, the longer the shaft, the more stable the flight your dart will be.

Shafts are usually made of plastic and aluminum. Given below are the three basic types of a shaft:

  • Short and extra-short shafts
  • Medium shafts
  • Long shafts

Short and Extra-short Shafts
Short and extra short shafts are relatively thick and have a hole in the center, which keep them lighter. One thing to keep in mind; if you’re thinking of attaching a shorter shaft, make sure to use a smaller flight.

Medium Shafts
With these shafts being slightly longer than short ones. Medium shafts are the most common type of shafts, especially among beginners.

Longer Shafts
Longer shafts are used specifically to minimize the impact of crowding. However, these shafts tend to cause a dart to “fish-tail” while it is still in the air. This can result in the accuracy of your throw being off.

Dart Flights

The dart flight is another essential part of a dart. It helps the dart to fly through the air, while keeping it’s trajectory on a smooth path. When you are using a large flight, it will offer additional air resistance. This helps the player to improve their accuracy when throwing. Hence, large flights are usually recommended for beginners.

Flights are normally available in different textures and shapes. However, the most common shape of all is standard and slim. On the other hand, some less popular shapes include Pear, Vector, Kite, and Vortex. The different textures of the dart flights include Nylon, Smooth and Dimplex, to name a few.

Discussed below are a few types of flights that you can use with your darts.

Smaller Flights: Generally, the smaller flights work perfectly well with the shorter shafts and lighter darts. These types of flights are the best option when you have a faster throw.

Larger Flights: This type of flight is ideal for the heavier darts and longer shafts. Apart from this, more textured and larger flights will allow the darts to fly slowly. It can stay in the air for longer. Moreover, these flights also work well with a variety of angle variations.


What do you feel is the perfect dart for you? Is it that with a longer shaft and smaller, Dimplex flight. Or do you feel more comfortable with a medium length shaft and a more forgiving, larger flight.

Michael Andrew

Michael Andrew

Michael Andrew has been playing Darts for more than 20 years and is passionate about helping others improve their game through his own experiences.